Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine and surgery which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders. Ophthalmologists are doctors who specialize in the medical and surgical treatment.
A: An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor specialised in vision and eye care. Unlike other specialisations in eye care, ophthalmologists attend to almost all kinds of eye disorders and related issues.
The most important preventive step is receiving routine examinations by a qualified eye care professional. Children should receive their first comprehensive eye examination before the age of 3. People ages 20 to 30 should have an eye exam every two years, unless visual changes, pain, flashes of light, new floaters, injury, or tearing occurs.
A: Yes, ophthalmologists can perform surgery as they tend to have years of training and experience. Many ophthalmologists obtain subspecialty training in areas like eyelid surgery, retinal surgery or pediatric surgery.